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Vanadium

Description

General

Very hard.

Properties

Chemical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
%
%

Electrical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
kV/mm
%
-1.18 -1.18 V Idemat 2003
0.25 0.25 Ohm.mm²/m Idemat 2003

Manufacturing Properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources

Mechanical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
MPa
MPa
MPa
5680 6360 kg/m³ Idemat 2003
3 28 % Idemat 2003
MPa
J/cm
MPa
490 760 MPa Idemat 2003
MPa
MPa
138000 138000 MPa Idemat 2003

Optical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources

Thermal properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
°C
1708 1720 °C Idemat 2003
°C
482 482 J/kg.K Idemat 2003
W/m.K
8.6 8.6 e-6/K Idemat 2003

Environment

24.32 mPt
1.61 Pt
36200 mELU
39.99 MJ/MJ
516 MJ
14.13 kg
0.11 kg
Mining, concentrating and smelting and all transports included. Winning 90% underground. The average metal content of the ore is 1.5 - 2.5%. The estimated resources are 55440000 tonnes, hence vanadium is not regarded as a scarce metal. Transport distances accoording to the distribution in the world in 1992. Main producing countries are South Africa (49%), CIS (28%), US and China. Transport to Rotterdam by boat .

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