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Lead

Description

General

Lead is extremely hazardous and use should be prevented.

Properties

Chemical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
%
%

Electrical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
kV/mm
%
-0.13 -0.13 V Idemat 2003
0.21 4.8 Ohm.mm²/m Idemat 2003

Manufacturing Properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources

Mechanical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
MPa
MPa
MPa
11300 11340 kg/m³ Idemat 2003
30 75 % Idemat 2003
MPa
J/cm
8000 8000 MPa Idemat 2003
14 32 MPa Idemat 2003
MPa
5 19 MPa Idemat 2003
13800 15000 MPa Idemat 2003

Optical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources

Thermal properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
°C
327 328 °C Idemat 2003
°C
130 150 J/kg.K Idemat 2003
31 35 W/m.K Idemat 2003
29 31 e-6/K Idemat 2003

Environment

6.86 mPt
0.35 Pt
257000 mELU
33.54 MJ/MJ
29.9 MJ
2.24 kg
0.1 kg
Mining, concentrating and smelting and all transports included. Winning 90% underground. The average Lead content of the ore is 6%. The estimated resources are 5544000 tonnes, hence the resource index is 36 year. It should therefore be regarded as a scarce metal. Scrap percentage 53%. Transport distances according to the distribution in the world in 1992. Main producing countries are Australia, GOS, US and China. Transport to Rotterdam by boat .

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