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Material Category:

Metals

Category Summary

Metals are known for their conductivity of heat and electricity. Metals are very applied in products as alloys. Combining metals or metals and other materials can improve specific properties. Metal alloys that contain a substantial amount of iron, also known as ferro (Fe) are classified as ferrous metals. Alloys containing no iron or just small amounts are classified as non-ferrous metals.

Category Details

Features

Metals have very wide range of properties, but in general they share:

  • Reasonable to extremely good electric conductivity
  • Reasonable to extremely good thermal conductivity

In general, metals are very fit for:

  • Casting
  • Forming
  • Machining
  • Joining by soldering or welding

Classification

Metallic elements and metal alloys

Classification Sources

Health

Known health effects for this category.

Toxicity

Some metals are considered toxic to humans. Others are used to improve food properties or as food supplements. For more details we refer to the datasheet of the specific metal or metal alloy.

Carcinogenicity

Some metals are brought into connection with cancer. For more details we refer to the datasheet of the specific metal or metal alloy.

Allergenicity

Some metals can cause allergic reactions with people that are very sensitive to them. For more details we refer to the datasheet of the specific metal or metal alloy.

Environment

Known environmental effects for this category.

Some metals are considered toxic to animal and plant live. For more details we refer to the datasheet of the specific metal or metal alloy.