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Elm

Description

General

Origin: Europe (domestic), North-East America, Japan. White to off-white. Easy machinable but tough wood. Very hard and cleaving is difficult. Lower Heating Value 17.66 MJ

Properties

Chemical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
1.3 1.8 % Idemat 2003
%

Electrical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
kV/mm
%
V
Ohm.mm²/m

Manufacturing Properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources

Mechanical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
56 200 MPa Idemat 2003
33 73 MPa Idemat 2003
MPa
640 kg/m³ Idemat 2003
%
MPa
J/cm
MPa
65 210 MPa Idemat 2003
MPa
MPa
5900 16000 MPa Idemat 2003

Optical properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources

Thermal properties

Minimum value Maximum value Unit Sources
°C
°C
°C
J/kg.K
0.14 0.14 W/m.K Idemat 2003
5.7 44 e-6/K Idemat 2003

Environment

1.14 mPt
0.74 Pt
106 mELU
1.88 MJ/MJ
35.2 MJ
2.39 kg
0.1 kg
Elm is cultured throughout Europe. Here cultivation, felling and processing assumed in the Netherlands. Hence, the average transport distance from plantage to factory is limited to 150km.
Idemat 1998

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